The Kemetic Spiritual System

The Weighing of the Soul

From the beginning of time Afrikans have always possessed a belief in one God, self-created and all powerful. Man studied the miracles of the universe and saw the many of the manifestations of the one Creator shown in all that existed and acknowledged them as aspects of the One, or Neter. This monotheistic viewpoint saw everything as an element of the whole. A Neter is not God, however it is a fundamental part of God. Nature is derive from Neter. 

Mystical spirituality, in all of its forms and disciplines of spiritual development, was in fact utilized in Ancient Kemet (Egypt) earlier than any other location in history. The individuals of Kemet were the earliest humans to show a significant belief in a doctrine of everlasting life. The Ancient Egyptian Book of Enlightenment, which was initially misinterpreted as the Book of the Dead, was a compilation of the prayers which were inscribed on the walls of the tombs or composed on papyrus scrolls, which were buried with the dead. These sacred pronouncements were discovered by the grave robbers who violated these tombs seeking recognition and glory.

There are many essential religious references that have emerged from the Ancient Egyptian Book of Enlightenment:

  • The concept of Heaven
  • The soul of of man going to Heaven
  • The soul of man sitting on a throne by the side of God
  • The heavenly blessed eating from the tree of life
  • God molding man from clay
  • God breathing the breath of life into man’s nostrils
  • The concept of creation through the spoken word
  • Moral concepts of good and evil
  • Traditions of hell and hell fire

One of the most celebrated Neteru in all of Kemet was in fact Ausar, who is commonly known by his Greek name Osiris. It has been written that at the time of his birth, a voice was in fact heard to proclaim that the lord of creation was born. He is known as a great mythical King of Kemet who brought civilization to his people and set up a code of laws and guidance for the worship of God. He ruled Kemet together with his wife Auset, who is better known by her Greek name Isis.

According to legend, Ausar was in fact slain by his cunning and wicked brother Set, who sliced his body into 14 sections and scattered them throughout Kemet. After a long search, Auset found all of the parts of her husband’s body except the phallus, which, as legend has it, was consumed by a catfish when it was discarded into the Nile. Auset recreated the absent part of Ausar in representing the resurrection of Ausar.

Auset had been without child prior to the murder of Ausar, however by way of specific powerful words provided to her by the Netcher Djehuiti (Thoth), who symbolizes divine articulation of speech, conceived a child upon becoming immaculately impregnated by the soul of her husband and delivered a son, Heru (Horus), who avenged the death of his father by slaying his Uncle Set.

After Heru reached maturity, he ruled as “king on Earth” and Ausar journeyed to the underworld, where he reigned as ruler. A number of the titles conferred upon Ausar had been Lord of Eternity, Ruler of the Dead and Lord of the Underworld. Images of Ausar within his new position of rulership show him as a mummified, bearded king who carries the shepherd’s was ornamented with a checkerboard pattern that represented the good and bad who were to come before him. Ausar also became the representation of the deceased master, as well as all deceased individuals.

The Weighing of the Soul scene (above)

1. The soul of the man stands to be judged.

2. The heart (soul) of the deceased is weighed on the left balance against the feather of Ma'at, which is on the right balance. 

3. Djehuiti records the event in the Book of Judgement.

4. The beast is called the "Devourer of Souls of the Unjustified" and awaits the verdict.

5. Ausar is seated upon the Throne of Judgement and prepares to render his decision. Directly in front of Ausar, standing upon a lotus flower, are the four children of Heru.


Anthony Browder, Nile Valley Contributions to Civilization

Muata Ashby, African Religion Volume 4: Asarian Theology: Resurrecting Osiris

African Explorer Magazine

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